Historical Gopha in Madkina village

The Jogi Temple (Gopha) 

There are two temples or Gophas situated in Madkina, Syangia Nepal. This temple was owned and established in the nineteenth century. Later the descendants of the creators ran the temple, they were known as Jetha Hajur and Kanchha Hajur and their descendants now run the temple. In that time period the temple was at it’s highest and was kept very orderly, however today, the temple’s condition is not as maintained as it used to be. The main reason has been lack of support in ‘giving a helping hand’ and the providing a financial support towards Gopha. The source of income used to be the local people but numbers have dwindled as many people migrated to the city during decades of war in the country, as a consequence, many villages have been ruined. 


The History and the People

Jogi is a Hindu community, originating in North India but has also relocated to parts of Nepal. The term “Jogi” refers to “Yoga”, this is because people long ago practiced Yoga as a main part of their daily rituals. Over decade’s even centuries, this formed a community and had spread rapidly. Consequently, it led to a formation of a caste that we acknowledge today.

The followers of Jogi are worshippers of yoga and the Hindu god Shiva. Guru Gorakshanath or Gorakhnath greatly helped in the process of systemization and categorization of the practice of Yoga. This system had then lead to the formation of a new separate Hindu caste. The followers of Jogi traditionally wear saffron-colored clothing, the community or organization once heavily relied on mendicants, or in other words begging or charitable donations. However they had been outnumbered by those who rely on a type of cultivation.


The term Jogi now consists of many classes of persons. One is purely religious mendicants of the various Jogi orders. The second includes various people who live by fortune telling, practicing exorcisms and divination. Once a year, the followers of Jogi visit residential housing at night to take part in a mantra. This supposedly protects the people and the house from any evil presence or demons that maybe harmful. On the following day, the Jogi will come to collect food or money to each residential house they had visited.

Sansari Mai Temple

The Sansari Mai Temple is located in Madkina, Syangia Nepal, which was established in B.S. 2043 (A.D. 1987). The temple itself is only a branch and there are others in parts of Nepal. Sansari Mai is a goddess that does not need an establishment like a temple and can therefore be worshipped under a tree or at home. However there are small temples created primarily to praise Sansari Mai at Madkina village. The ceremonial puja will take place once a year, which falls in the month of April (Baisak Mahina). At the beginning of day, Puja committee members will nominate an unmarried young boy to be the main worshiper.  All puja committee members will clean up immaculately and decorate the temple with fresh flowers. Simultaneously, the local traders such as retail shop keeper and restaurateur will set up their stalls at the site. Later, all worshipers from each village with a big rally called “panchauli” in their traditional or cultural dress gather there at the temple. The local band group plays a typical Nepalese music called “Naumati Baja” in traditional way and remaining of them pray for safe and wealthy future. On this special occasion, worshiper sacrifices livestock such as male goats and cockerels at the temple. Immediately after sacrificing it with a big machete called “Khonrd”, the worshiper spray rapidly spreading blood over the vertical wood called “Maulo” and donates head in the temple. It is saying that sacrificing livestock means destroying evils or demons.  Afterwards, the people celebrate with joyfully performing live concert until midnight.

Therefore, the San Sari Mai temple is so popular since its establishment. The San Sari Mai goddess takes care of every human being’s lives as well as blesses for every success. The local traders generate revenues in this special occasion.